The art of living: “The diet in health and disease

Medical education is essential to raise the level of health of humans, so he started a new cycle of medical articles on topics of interest to readers. They are written with a technical medical language understandable to all without abandoning scientific rigor.
Diet is a topic of interest to all social sectors, which is why we started the cycle with the art of living, “the Diet in Health and Disease”. The subject is vast and exciting, why are several items, which differed in the subtitles at the area that we try. Readers can ask questions to e medicobuzon@gmail.com
It is important to define the concept of Dietetics this is the application of scientific fundamentals of nutrition in health and disease of humans.
 We will deal with establishing the scientific criteria of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics as inter-related sciences.
The diet should be balanced in nutrients, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals and trace elements, and contain caloric amounts necessary for the realization of plastic and energy functions of the human organism.
The diet should be reasonable and individual, taking into consideration gender, age, height, current and ideal weight, body mass, occupational activity and health situation. There are factors to be taken into account when preparing the diet, such as cultural, sociological, gastronomic regional and national, as well as economic and pathological aspects of the person.
There is an undetermined number of diets, most grounded in personal experience, that is in these empirical criteria prevail, many are based on the arbitrary restriction of food and calories, without knowing what the requirements are of vital nutrients for the perfect functioning of the person to which it is addressed, so we want to break the myth of the so-called miracle weight loss or weight gain appearing in magazines, newspapers and other pamphlets diets.
There are fad diets and many with lucrative purposes, not everyone who is overweight or obese is excessive food intake, for example, patients with hypothyroidism, hypercortisolism, fluid retention, these are contributing factors that do not allow thin until the underlying problem is not concerned. So it is with thinness some patients may have a disease that is responsible for the catabolic activity, for example, hyperthyroidism, gastrointestinal diseases, diabetes mellitus, among others.
Diets are mandatory tools for treatment and prevention of various clinical conditions, being an important task Nutritionist, develop the options menu that draws on the allowed foods, you most are pleasing to the patient. The diet involves not drastically restrict the amount of food, we are making the necessary adjustments and replace food banned by the allowed items.
 There are diets to lose or gain weight, there are also for weight maintenance and for certain diseases in the latter case we should talk about diet therapy for example, patients with diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperuricemia, peptic ulcer, Crohn’s disease, nephropathy diabetic and other nature, obesity 1, 2, 3 and morbid, constitutional thinness or a pathology that generates a catabolic state, syndromes syndrome anemic, anorexia, deficiency syndromes, cardiovascular diseases and pregnant patients to ensure proper weight and balanced nutrition for mother and baby.
There are levels of information needed to firmly establish the criteria that poor diet is a risk factor in certain circumstances, for example in the development of the central nervous system, levels of intelligence and behavior of human beings.
We have done extensive research for you dear reader, L’examen de phen375 régime alimentaire du magazine de santé and find dietary recommendations that fits your particular case, in addition to creating awareness levels for a healthy life. Try the diet in athletes, which will be raised by the sport, we are aware that in this respect there is a need for information on our athletes especially for those without professional guidance.
  • Digg
  • Del.icio.us
  • StumbleUpon
  • Reddit
  • Twitter
  • RSS