The human body is always changing and constantly moving, finally, evolving. Body movement and stress received, will result in some physical changes depend to some extent on the consistency and the load of stimuli in the different body parts.
In recent years, bodybuilding has been booming and more and more athletes practicing the sport. The increase has also been marked in women, in which quality of competing there, also showing great discipline when boarding the platform.
This sport is usually based on anaerobic and consistent in training exercises. It is an activity usually takes place in gyms where he trains sometimes up to twice a day.
Bodybuilding is a physical activity aimed at maximum development of muscle hypertrophy (visible musculature) of human beings. From this point of view, it shares with other sports certain methods and skills, although its purpose is markedly different.
To achieve this hypertrophy, skeletal muscle mass has to be regulated by the balance of protein synthesis and degradation, increased by exercise induced physical activity, causing increased activation of protein synthesis resulting in muscle hypertrophy (Ito et al., 2013).
Muscle relaxation is vital for the process of muscle hypertrophy process. The muscle grows when we allow enough rest to recover from stress and strain suffered in training. Several studies suggest at least 72 hours of rest every muscle, along with a daily sleep between 6 to 8 hours.
Not only the size or muscle hypertrophy is important to succeed in this sport, also works with other components such as muscle definition, muscle symmetry and muscle details.
Another important component in bodybuilding and most demanding of all is food. It is categorized into nutrition and supplementation. Caloric intake; either hipercalórico or low-calorie (depending on the phase of periodization), are based largely on consumption of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
This together with training (caloric expenditure), the athlete directly influence what foods have to consume, how much and in what time or time of day can consume. It also stresses that food should not be consumed.
Many countries do not classify bodybuilding as a sport. However, this discipline has all the necessary to be identified as a sport components, since it has: skills, awards, categories, national associations and international federations such as the Personal trainer DC “International Federation of BodyBuilding and Fitness (IFBB)”.
This sport is distinguished from many sports such as weightlifting, powerlifting, etc. This is because the fisicoculturismo is based on the physical and aesthetic also in the body. Unlike other sports, which seek to improve physical performance as: weight, load, distance, altitude, time, etc.
Bodybuilders have several features and qualities that are very strict to climb the dais. Including: discipline, dedication, effort, consistency, concentration, courage, pride, purpose, etc .; but above all, love for this demanding sport.
Origin and art Fisicoculturismo
Since ancient times, the human body has always been a topic of beauty, power, being the strongest, to go further, to go further, etc. All this to be printed on a drawing, figures, paintings and even sculptures. These artists sought perfection and details in his works, as this meant its authentic stamp.
The body of many men came to be immortalized in these works. Many of them were gladiators and even some considered them as gods by their spectacular bodies and being winners of multiple wars.
Body building has its first manifestations in figures of Greek vases; apparently, hands and weights were used (as a ballast) to perform jumps or exercises to increase strength and length of the jump.
According to Lopez et al. (2010), dates back to the time of ancient Greece and Rome where athletes trained with weight and strength, then compete in the Olympics or fight as gladiators in the arena of the great Roman coliseum.
At the time, bodybuilding was behaviors directed primarily to the development of strength or size with the goal of survival as clear purpose, or as religious rites in concrete festivities.
Like a sculpture, the bodybuilder should be: prepared, molded, sculpted, polished, refined, detailed, etc. To a large extent, it should be a different and unique work to have an authenticity.
Although the human body carries the same limb, muscle, joints, etc .; the difference is the sculptor behind the molded body, which has done so with its unique details, marking his “signature” in the athlete’s body.
Bodybuilding looking beyond a physical good; seeks perfection. Like the artist in his proper work; coaches and competitors do working with: muscle size (hypertrophy), muscle definition, symmetry of muscles, muscle details, among other things.
These athletes personify the physical balance by artists and philosophers of the time, who claimed that physical perfection was the most godlike.
The first is the sense of bodybuilder transformation, physical improvement, a body mass while reports will become sculpted, carved, modeling in an act of pursuing beauty (Ferrús Anton, 2005).
In the process of bodybuilding and modern competition, several famous people who were important figures for the evolution of the sport as we know it today.
First, include Eugen Sandow (1867-1925), who was the first to exhibit in showing his muscles.
Sandow is known as the father of modern bodybuilding . He was also one of the first
commercialize mechanical equipment to perform exercises such as weights and pulleys
Bodybuilding had a great impact and popularity in the early (1950 and 1960), since more sophisticated equipment and devices begin to appear. There was also a lot of publicity comic and superhero comics where highlighted the impressive body of these heroes. Also they appear for the first time in magazines and bodybuilding exercises.
The decades (1940-1970), is known as the Golden Age ( “The Golden Age”). It is so called because it was the moment where the fisicoculturismo peaked development and popularity. Further research is also developed in areas of nutrition, supplementation and training.
Vince Gironda, Frank Zane, Lou Ferrigno, Sergio Oliva and for many, the best bodybuilder of all time in Arnold Schwarzenegger: At this time several known figures as they arise.
Arnold Schwarzenegger. Seven times Mr. Olympia champion (1970-7975 and 1980)
For the recognition and impact of these and other bodybuilding athletes after the 70s, they begin to be hired as actors in films. Movies like ” The Incredible Hulk” (1978), “Conan the Barbarian” (1982), “The Terminator” (1984) and “Predator” (1987), were successful and were carried out by bodybuilders.
However despite the popularity of the sport and bodybuilding it suffers a decline in the decades of 1980 and 1990.
However, it was not until early 2000 that the fisicoculturismo reprises an increase in participation and popularity of a new group of elite bodybuilders, excelling Ronnie Coleman.
Ronnie “The King” Coleman. Eight times consecutive Mr. Olympia champion (1998-2005)
Modern Bodybuilding Competition
The powers of bodybuilding men and women practice it, so much so that one of the categories is mixed. Thus, bodybuilding is one of the few sports where participation of both genders competing together in the same category.
The bodybuilding competitions are articulated on the composition of poses, body in his statism should captivate a look, body achieves a moment of perfection, as a living statue, as a body worthy of being immortalized in a portrait. Metaphor of a embalmed body you want while parading and death. Body that exists because other looks. (Ferrús Anton, 2005).
This sport is divided into two tests: compulsory poses and free poses.
In testing mandatory or compulsory poses are important general shape and form of the different muscle groups. Judges should favor competitors with harmonious physical and classic, also looking good posture, athletic disposition and correct (good constitution, broad shoulders, high chest, physiological spinal curves, limbs and trunk in good proportion, straight legs, etc. harmonic structure ).
In addition, good skin tone without spots, acne or tattoos, which are considered by the judges as skin defects, well-groomed hair, shapely feet and fingers, etc.
The athlete has to prove its muscles and convince the public and the judges that is the best of all body with a bloated body structure, symmetrical, detailed, etc.
The other test in bodybuilding poses are free. Judges can study in this test, muscular deployment within an artistic, well-choreographed with music at the discretion of the athlete or coach routine. The duration of this test is approximately one minute.
This routine should be a series of beautiful movements and the same competitors have to show all aspects of their physical: front, side and back. Each athlete is free to perform the poses and in the order they want them. These poses are performed in an authentic and original form, thus using their artistic to show in this way the seal body with a unique style and skills.
The Cuban Sergio Oliva posing in the free category
Coaches of other sports, should emphasize some of the methods that are carried out in bodybuilding, mostly during the early stages of periodization.
First, bodybuilding training, provides an excellent method of muscle hypertrophy. This training method is recommended for sports that require the recruitment of many muscle fibers to improve the strength, power and muscular endurance.
However, in water sports it is not advisable to perform many practice sessions with targets muscle hypertrophy, because the weight of muscles affect to some extent the aquatic athlete in competitions requiring physical execution in the shortest time possible (eg. 100 free meters).
Second, bodybuilding provides tools for good muscle symmetry. This helps muscles are tightly balanced, thus preventing muscle injuries by muscle imbalances.
Thus, other sports can be found in bodybuilding alternatives for their athletes are the most possible fit for competition through muscle symmetry, since sports require all your muscles are working in unison and harmony.
Third, bodybuilding is one of the few sports that are governed by a strict regimen of diet, nutrition and supplementation. This aspect of food is of vital importance, since a lapse in what they consume or ingest, can positively or negatively affect the body composition of the athlete and the result of athletic performance being performed.
Thus bodybuilding provides guidance on how to feed the athlete in the different phases of periodization. Although this varies in each sport, as the food is not as strict as in bodybuilding, we nevertheless bodybuilding brings a discipline on the amount and when the athlete should or should not eat certain foods.
The goal of the bodybuilder is up to the stage in the best possible condition. The bodybuilder, not necessarily going with a mindset to get the first place in its category rather have a mindset to look better every time you go up on stage as their greatest opponent is the same athlete.
Finally, for the bodybuilder, this sport is a healthy lifestyle because it involves discipline 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. These habits are based on intense physical exercise strict in nutrition and specific nutrition, and with a mature mental and emotional preparation to meet the demands of the sport; not only physical but also the mental demands.
This is a question that has been raised over time in the accounting profession. In recent years there have been many proposals to consider Online bookkeeping services as a science seeking to escape the ghost of technical qualification.
Accounting is not art, because it is not based on the inspiration of a person or a subjective fact situations that ultimately can not be given at the time of the accounting process; art feature is the result of aesthetic with which the books, carried manually. Currently an information system dispenses with these characteristics.
The definition of art, according to what is stated in the 22 th edition of the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, is: “Of or pertaining to applications of science and the arts”; which implies a reliance on science or art, the latter possibility is ruled out due to what is stated in the preceding paragraph.
There would be the possibility that accounting is assumed as art or science, if the first (technical) then we would ask Is the application of that science ?, which would imply an error by lowering the accounting knowledge to a level of discipline or branch, which in the case of accounting we have for example: bookkeeping, commercial documentation, etc. The technique when an application involves the repetition of a designated process, the latter being one of its most important features.
So we have at this point to draw the Accounting as a science, which has been one of the most defended proposals in different international conferences through research, looking from different perspectives (functionalist, structuralist, etc.) give the character of science which so far it has failed to generate a uniform or a statement about by the accounting profession judgment.
It is difficult for an accountant noted that accounting is not science, to some extent could be taken as a heresy, but we can not force a position on the search for a categorization of accounting knowledge which would generate a difficult position to defend, as is it happens when it comes to support its science character.
Michelangelo, Van Gogh, Picasso, Frida Kahlo, Turner are among the great artists whose lives, often intense and tumultuous, have been reflected on the big screen. The cinema, as an educational tool and disseminator, is an excellent resource to bring your students to these creators and explain aspects as their sources of inspiration, its working methods or society in which they lived. It also allows you toapproach the artistic movements in which they were locked and its key features. We recommend ten films to introduce in class ten great artists and pique the interest of your students for their work, we also recommend to see movies on projectfreetv for the best experience.
1. the agony and the ecstasy (1965), by Carol Reed. Adaptation of the novel by Irving Stone, the film reflects the complicated relationship between Miguel Ángel and dad Julio II during the decoration of the Sistine Chapel, a work which would mark their lives and become great reference of the Renaissance.
2. Goya’s ghosts (2006), Milos form. Set in the late 18th century Spain, the film tells, through the eyes of Goya, the turbulent events that marked this era: the end of the Spanish Inquisition, the invasion of the Napoleonic troops and the restoration of the Spanish monarchy. The film shows the persecutions and processes where the great painter would be involved.
3. Mr. Turner (2014), Mike Leigh. Excellent film about the life of the Romantic painter Joseph Mallord William Turner, the film illustrates the passion with which the British artist, “the painter of light”, dipped in their work. The film includes numerous details that can help you explain to your students his working method, the characteristics of romanticism, or the context in which is part of his work.
4. Renoir (2012), from Gilles Bourdos. The last years of the Impressionist painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir are portrayed in this film, which focuses on the relationship of the artist to his young Muse Andrée Heuschling. Cheerful and determined, Andrée would also mark the life of his son Jean, who eventually became a renowned filmmaker. The film can help you explain the use of light in the paintings of Renoir.
5. the crazy red hair (1956), by Vincente Minnelli. Based on the novel by Irving Stone, the film shows the tribulations of the painter Vincent van Gogh postimpresionista, their experiences, the relationship with other artists of the era, like Gauguin, the link maintained with his brother Theo, and his ideas on painting.
6. Camille Claudel passion (1988), by Bruno Nuytten. This French drama illustrates the life of the great French sculpture of Camille Claudel, his relationship with his master and mistress Auguste Rodin and the obstacles that had to face as a woman and artist in his time.
7. the Picasso mystery (1956), by Henri-Georges Clouzot. Through this documentary about Picasso, you can show your students how worked in his study the great artist from Malaga.Although the film can full be somewhat monotonous, some fragments may serve to explain the process of creating their works.
8. Frida (2002), by Julie Taymor. The film chronicles the life of the Mexican surrealist painter Frida Kahlo and her marital relationship with the painter Diego Rivera. It can help you show your students the links between its life, its joys and sufferings, and his work
9. Pollock: the life of a creator (2000), Ed Harris. Ed Harris stars in and directed this film about the life of American painter Jackson Pollock, great reference for abstract expressionism. The film will allow you to explain to your students the complex personality of the artist, his almost physical relationship with painting, and his invention of the technique of dropping. In the film are also artists as Lee Krasner, painter and wife of Pollock, and Willem de Kooning
10. Basquiat (1996), Julian Schnabel. This film about the postmodern and neo-expressionist artist Jean-Michel Basquiat can serve to bring your students to contemporary art. Sure that you will be interested to discover how this artist of New York used their skills to make graffiti as the basis for his artistic work. In addition, the film shows its relationship with urban art and culture, hip hop, breakor independent film.
What do you think of these films? Have you ever seen them? Do you know any more? Cheer up, recommend it and share these in your social networks.
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Enjoy life is not a luxury, a garden imagined to offer you a house ‘lounge’ and generous private pool and outdoor shower that complete all inviting you to relax. “V” BE the elegant interpretation of the common areas of the results of residence in a massage pavilion where we like to be pampered all the time, a ‘green’ exercise and relax in a welcoming and safe environment spaces Recreation and for young people.
As a happy owner of a line villa Fire, enjoy exclusive and privileged ‘Frontlines Beach Club’ access. His magical place promenade in the center of the bay of Grand Baie, turquoise water that pays homage to the celestial image of Mauritius, gives access to a wide variety of water activities: direct to the islands depart for a Robinson Crusoe, away all, the invitation to the conservation of marine wildlife, for small kayaks, fishing for lovers of the great fishing and diving thirst for adventure. This bay also serves as the magnificent theater regattas around the islands and is home to, among others, a legendary yacht club hosting annually the stars of French offshore sailing.
Nobody can deny the impact that Internet has had on society. Impact more than evident in social life, and interpersonal relations, as well as in more formal communication.
The mail traveled almost to fax (today only kept as back-up for exceptional cases).
And it is common that people of almost no computer training, can chat with relatives in another continent.
But apart from the extension of the social or recreational use, we notice that in the majority of Latin American SMEs (in the region share the problem), the use of digital tools applied to the management itself, is extremely limited.
The majority of companies (say 98% of SMEs) possess PCs, usually working in network.
Almost all of them use also any management system, mainly applied to administrative work: billing, cobranas control, accounts current, etc.
But many managers have assimilated and used in regular, effective, technological resources in their work?
Much less 15% (we conducted a survey among a hundred of SMEs in Buenos Aires, and while the sample is not significant, it gives an indicator.
What do we mean with technological resources applied to a model of management Digital?
Undoubtedly, all useful tools, which together, lead us to a new management model, which can be independent of your location physical as never before in history, and at the same time, focus on interpersonal relationships, since the information is automated… with a noticeable improvement of the productivity in the upper levels of the company.
The appropriate application of these tools is in the reduction of employees times. Coordinate a meeting for example, takes more than half an hour managerial man to arrange time and place. A shared and automated in your alerts agenda this reduces to zero.
AN elaborate budget into a spreadsheet, then presented in a room, proyectandolo from an Excel so others formulate comments and then rectify it… It is a gigantic waste of time. The same worksheet shared, with the participation of the relevant operators, working simultaneously. There is no event. Work is finished for final version, on the same day it began. Avoiding at least 20 hours of management. (5 managers to 4 hours each).
Let the sum, we multiply by the number of activities that take place in a month, and you will see that managerial salaries are wasting on trivial issues, for which there are already adequate technical solution.
The curious thing about the case is that in the majority of cases the infrastructure already exists, digital tools and applications are free or affordable, and almost no additional cost to carry an enterprise digital management model.
Then, where is the difficulty?
Mainly in the training of managers, specifically in the use of new technologies.
Many of them, were left out of the technological model and reject it, but at the same time have great managerial qualities in the management of Your Business Digital, which are invaluable.
On the other hand, we have a generation of new, very familiar with the technology, but not yet formed in the “core” of the management, and that you can easily lose the “focus” of the business.
But there is something else: the training alone is not sufficient. In many cases, the tool is known and is not used.Therefore a prerequisite (and may I assume) prior to any activity is to recompose work discipline at senior levels of the company.
The final answer depends on an intense training effort, within the framework of a solid work discipline, which in many cases we have reconstitute from scratch, as we saw in these years of professional work.
The challenge we have ahead, it is merging two cultures, taking the most profitable part of them, in a process of transformation that can be more or less prolonged, but (on the basis of training and discipline of work) can lead to the SMEs to the level of competitiveness that this 21st century allows us to.
The Super Dog Art Today blog highlights,best supplement for my dogs joints and rescues paintings, photographs and various works of art featuring dogs.
And now its author, Moira McLaughlin, has created this video which is van metamorphosis dogs over 5000 years of art history. Very curious:
Here you can see which are the boxes that appear in the video. In the photo, Pointy, the dog that John Singer Sargent pinto for Louise Burckhardt, a female with which he maintained a romance.